Share

Long Island, New York Criminal Defense Blog

Monday, May 18, 2020

Criminal Contempt in the 2nd Degree,Criminal Contempt in the 1st Degree and Aggravated Criminal Contempt (NYS Penal Law Section 215.50, 215.51, & 215.52)

In most criminal matters in New York State, when there is an alleged victim, an Order of Protection will be issued in favor of that individual by the judge at the arraignment stage.  The Order of Protection can either be a "refrain from OP" or a complete "full stay away OP."    

  When a person (defendant) is subject to a valid Full Stay Away Order of Protection, disregards the Order, and contacts the individual in favor of the Order of Protection, he or she is in direct violation of the Order and can be re-arrested and charged with Criminal Contempt in the 2nd Degree.  Criminal Contempt in the 2nd Degree is a Class A Misdemeanor, punishable by up to 364 days in jail, 3 years probation, or a combination thereof.

   

Criminal contempt in the second degree.

  A person is guilty of criminal contempt in the second degree when he engages in any of the following conduct: 1. Disorderly, contemptuous, or insolent behavior, committed during the sitting of a court, in its immediate view and presence and directly tending to interrupt its proceedings or to impair the respect due to its authority; or 2. Breach of the peace, noise, or other disturbance, directly tending to interrupt a court`s proceedings; or 3. Intentional disobedience or resistance to the lawful process or other mandate of a court except in cases involving or growing out of labor disputes as defined by subdivision two of section seven hundred fifty-three-a of the judiciary law; or 4. Contumacious and unlawful refusal to be sworn as a witness in any court proceeding or, after being sworn, to answer any legal and proper interrogatory; or 5. Knowingly publishing a false or grossly inaccurate report of a court`s proceedings; or 6. Intentional failure to obey any mandate, process or notice, issued pursuant to articles sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, or eighteen-a of the judiciary law, or to rules adopted pursuant to any such statute or to any special statute establishing commissioners of jurors and prescribing their duties or who refuses to be sworn as provided therein; or 7. On or along a public street or sidewalk within a radius of two hundred feet of any building established as a courthouse, he calls aloud, shouts, holds or displays placards or signs containing written or printed matter, concerning the conduct of a trial being held in such courthouse or the character of the court or jury engaged in such trial or calling for or demanding any specified action or determination by such court or jury in connection with such trial. Criminal contempt in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.

 S 215.51 Criminal contempt in the first degree.

  A person is guilty of criminal contempt in the first degree when: (a) he contumaciously and unlawfully refuses to be sworn as a witness before a grand jury, or, when after having been sworn as a witness before a grand jury, he refuses to answer any legal and proper interrogatory; or (b) in violation of a duly served order of protection, or such order of which the defendant has actual knowledge because he or she was present in court when such order was issued, or an order of protection issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in this or another state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction, he or she: (i) intentionally places or attempts to place a person for whose protection such order was issued in reasonable fear of physical injury, serious physical injury or death by displaying a deadly weapon, dangerous instrument or what appears to be a pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun, machine gun or other firearm or by means of a threat or threats; or (ii) intentionally places or attempts to place a person for whose protection such order was issued in reasonable fear of physical injury, serious physical injury or death by repeatedly following such person or engaging in a course of conduct or repeatedly committing acts over a period of time; or (iii) intentionally places or attempts to place a person for whose protection such order was issued in reasonable fear of physical injury, serious physical injury or death when he or she communicates or causes a communication to be initiated with such person by mechanical or electronic means or otherwise, anonymously or otherwise, by telephone, or by telegraph, mail or any other form of written communication; or (iv) with intent to harass, annoy, threaten or alarm a person for whose protection such order was issued, repeatedly makes telephone calls to such person, whether or not a conversation ensues, with no purpose of legitimate communication; or (v) with intent to harass, annoy, threaten or alarm a person for whose protection such order was issued, strikes, shoves, kicks or otherwise subjects such other person to physical contact or attempts or threatens to do the same; or (vi) by physical menace, intentionally places or attempts to place a person for whose protection such order was issued in reasonable fear of death, imminent serious physical injury or physical injury. (c) he or she commits the crime of criminal contempt in the second degree as defined in subdivision three of section 215.50 of this article by violating that part of a duly served order of protection, or such order of which the defendant has actual knowledge because he or she was present in court when such order was issued, under sections two hundred forty and two hundred fifty-two of the domestic relations law, articles four, five, six and eight of the family court act and section 530.12 of the criminal procedure law, or an order of protection issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction, which requires the respondent or defendant to stay away from the person or persons on whose behalf the order was issued, and where the defendant has been previously convicted of the crime of aggravated criminal contempt or criminal contempt in the first or second degree for violating an order of protection as described herein within the preceding five years; or (d) in violation of a duly served order of protection, or such order of which the defendant has actual knowledge because he or she was present in court when such order was issued, or an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in this or another state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction, he or she intentionally or recklessly damages the property of a person for whose protection such order was issued in an amount exceeding two hundred fifty dollars. Criminal contempt in the first degree is a class E felony. 

S 215.52  Aggravated criminal contempt.

A person is guilty of aggravated criminal contempt when: 1. in violation of a duly served order of protection, or such order of which the defendant has actual knowledge because he or she was present in court when such order was issued, or an order of protection issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction, he or she intentionally or recklessly causes physical injury or serious physical injury to a person for whose protection such order was issued; or 2. he or she commits the crime of criminal contempt in the first degree as defined in subdivision (b) or (d) of section 215.51 of this article and has been previously convicted of the crime of aggravated criminal contempt; or 3. he or she commits the crime of criminal contempt in the first degree, as defined in paragraph (i), (ii), (iii), (v) or (vi) of subdivision (b) or subdivision (c) of section 215.51 of this article, and has been previously convicted of the crime of criminal contempt in the first degree, as defined in such subdivision (b), (c) or (d) of section 215.51 of this article, within the preceding five years. Aggravated criminal contempt is a class D felony.

If you have been arrested or under criminal investigation, call attorney Michael A. Arbeit immediately at (516 ) 766-1878 for a free and confidential consultation.  Mr. Arbeit is always available 24/7. 


Archived Posts

2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014


Based in Freeport, NY Michael A. Arbeit, P.C. serves clients throughout Nassau County, Suffolk County, Queens County, New York County, Kings County, and Bronx County New York.



© 2020 Michael A. Arbeit, P.C. | Disclaimer
23 S. Main Street, Suite 30, Freeport, NY 11520
| Phone: 516-766-1878

Criminal Defense Overview | Misdemeanor Criminal Defense | Felony Criminal Defense | DWI/DWAI Defense | Arraignments | Criminal Desk Appearance Ticket (DAT) | Arrest Warrant/Bench Warrant | Juvenile Offenders | Traffic Tickets | Vehicle Seizure Law | Youthful Offenders | Possession of Knives- NYC Administrative Code | Aggravated Family Offense | Superintendent's Suspension Hearings (New York Education Law Section 3214) | | | Attorney Profile

Law Firm Website Design by
Amicus Creative