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Nassau County Aggravated Family Offense Lawyer

§ 240.75 Aggravated Family Offense.

    1.  A  person  is  guilty  of aggravated family offense when he or she

  commits a misdemeanor defined in subdivision two of this  section  as  a

  specified  offense  and  he  or  she  has  been convicted of one or more

  specified offenses within the immediately preceding five years. For  the

  purposes  of  this subdivision, in calculating the five year period, any

  period of time during which  the  defendant  was  incarcerated  for  any

  reason  between  the  time  of  the  commission  of any of such previous

  offenses and the time of  commission  of  the  present  crime  shall  be

  excluded  and  such  five  year  period shall be extended by a period or

  periods equal to the time served under such incarceration.

    2. A "specified offense" is  an  offense  defined  in  section  120.00

  (assault  in  the  third  degree); section 120.05 (assault in the second

  degree); section 120.10 (assault in the first  degree);  section  120.13

  (menacing  in  the first degree); section 120.14 (menacing in the second

  degree); section 120.15 (menacing in the third degree);  section  120.20

  (reckless  endangerment  in the second degree); section 120.25 (reckless

  endangerment in the first  degree);  section  120.45  (stalking  in  the

  fourth  degree);  section 120.50 (stalking in the third degree); section

  120.55 (stalking in the second degree); section 120.60 (stalking in  the

  first  degree);  section  121.11  (criminal  obstruction of breathing or

  blood circulation); section 121.12 (strangulation in the second degree);

  section 121.13 (strangulation in the first degree); subdivision  one  of

  section 125.15 (manslaughter in the second degree); subdivision one, two

  or  four  of  section 125.20 (manslaughter in the first degree); section

  125.25  (murder  in  the  second   degree);   section   130.20   (sexual

  misconduct);  section 130.30 (rape in the second degree); section 130.35

  (rape in the first degree); section 130.40 (criminal sexual act  in  the

  third  degree);  section  130.45  (criminal  sexual  act  in  the second

  degree); section 130.50 (criminal  sexual  act  in  the  first  degree);

  section  130.52  (forcible  touching); section 130.53 (persistent sexual

  abuse); section 130.55 (sexual  abuse  in  the  third  degree);  section

  130.60 (sexual abuse in the second degree); section 130.65 (sexual abuse

  in  the  first  degree);  section 130.66 (aggravated sexual abuse in the

  third degree); section 130.67 (aggravated sexual  abuse  in  the  second

  degree);  section  130.70 (aggravated sexual abuse in the first degree);

  section 130.91 (sexually motivated felony);  section  130.95  (predatory

  sexual  assault);  section  130.96  (predatory  sexual assault against a

  child); section 135.05 (unlawful imprisonment  in  the  second  degree);

  section  135.10  (unlawful  imprisonment  in  the first degree); section

  135.60 (coercion in the second degree); section 135.65 (coercion in  the

  first  degree);  section  140.20 (burglary in the third degree); section

  140.25 (burglary in the second degree); section 140.30 (burglary in  the

  first  degree); section 145.00 (criminal mischief in the fourth degree);

  section 145.05 (criminal mischief in the third degree);  section  145.10

  (criminal  mischief  in  the  second  degree);  section 145.12 (criminal

  mischief in the first degree); section 145.14 (criminal tampering in the

  third degree); section 215.50 (criminal contempt in the second  degree);

  section  215.51  (criminal contempt in the first degree); section 215.52

  (aggravated criminal contempt); section 240.25 (harassment in the  first

  degree);  subdivision  one,  two  or  four of section 240.30 (aggravated

  harassment in the second degree); aggravated family offense  as  defined

  in  this  section  or  any  attempt  or  conspiracy to commit any of the

  foregoing offenses where the defendant and the person against  whom  the

  offense  was  committed  were members of the same family or household as

  defined in subdivision one of section 530.11 of the  criminal  procedure

  law.

    3.  The person against whom the current specified offense is committed

  may be different from the person against  whom  the  previous  specified

  offense  was committed and such persons do not need to be members of the

  same family or household.

    Aggravated family offense is a class E felony.

§ 530.11 Procedures for family offense matters.

    1.  Jurisdiction.  The family court and the criminal courts shall have

  concurrent jurisdiction over any proceeding concerning acts which  would

  constitute   disorderly   conduct,   harassment  in  the  first  degree,

  harassment in the second degree, aggravated  harassment  in  the  second

  degree,  sexual misconduct, forcible touching, sexual abuse in the third

  degree, sexual abuse in the second degree as set  forth  in  subdivision

  one  of  section  130.60 of the penal law, stalking in the first degree,

  stalking in the second degree, stalking in the third degree, stalking in

  the fourth degree, criminal mischief, menacing  in  the  second  degree,

  menacing  in  the  third degree, reckless endangerment, strangulation in

  the  first  degree,  strangulation  in  the  second   degree,   criminal

  obstruction  of  breathing  or  blood circulation, assault in the second

  degree, assault in the third  degree,  an  attempted  assault,  identity

  theft in the first degree, identity theft in the second degree, identity

  theft  in  the  third  degree, grand larceny in the fourth degree, grand

  larceny in the third degree or coercion in  the  second  degree  as  set

  forth  in subdivisions one, two and three of section 135.60 of the penal

  law between spouses or former spouses, or between parent  and  child  or

  between  members  of  the  same  family  or household except that if the

  respondent would not be criminally responsible by reason of age pursuant

  to section 30.00 of the penal law, then  the  family  court  shall  have

  exclusive   jurisdiction   over   such   proceeding.  Notwithstanding  a

  complainant's election to proceed in family court,  the  criminal  court

  shall  not  be  divested  of  jurisdiction  to  hear  a  family  offense

  proceeding pursuant to this  section.  For  purposes  of  this  section,

  "disorderly  conduct" includes disorderly conduct not in a public place.

  For purposes of this section, "members of the same family or  household"

  with  respect  to  a  proceeding  in  the criminal courts shall mean the

  following:

    (a) persons related by consanguinity or affinity;

    (b) persons legally married to one another;

    (c) persons formerly married to one another regardless of whether they

  still reside in the same household;

    (d) persons who have a child in common,  regardless  of  whether  such

  persons have been married or have lived together at any time; and

    (e)  persons  who are not related by consanguinity or affinity and who

  are or have been in an intimate relationship regardless of whether  such

  persons  have lived together at any time. Factors the court may consider

  in determining whether a  relationship  is  an  "intimate  relationship"

  include  but  are  not  limited  to: the nature or type of relationship,

  regardless  of  whether  the  relationship  is  sexual  in  nature;  the

  frequency  of  interaction  between the persons; and the duration of the

  relationship. Neither a casual acquaintance nor ordinary  fraternization

  between  two  individuals in business or social contexts shall be deemed

  to constitute an "intimate relationship".

    2. Information to petitioner or complainant. The  chief  administrator

  of  the  courts  shall  designate  the  appropriate  probation officers,

  warrant officers, sheriffs, police officers, district attorneys  or  any

  other law enforcement officials, to inform any petitioner or complainant

  bringing  a  proceeding  under  this  section  before such proceeding is

  commenced, of the procedures available for  the  institution  of  family

  offense proceedings, including but not limited to the following:

    (a)  That  there  is  concurrent  jurisdiction  with respect to family

  offenses in both family court and the criminal courts;

    (b) That a family court proceeding is a civil proceeding  and  is  for

  the  purpose  of  attempting to stop the violence, end family disruption

  and obtain protection. That  referrals  for  counseling,  or  counseling

  services, are available through probation for this purpose;

    (c)  That  a  proceeding  in the criminal courts is for the purpose of

  prosecution of the offender and can result in a criminal  conviction  of

  the offender;

    (d)  That  a  proceeding  or  action subject to the provisions of this

  section is initiated  at  the  time  of  the  filing  of  an  accusatory

  instrument  or  family  court  petition,  not  at the time of arrest, or

  request for arrest, if any;

    (f) That an arrest may precede the commencement of a family court or a

  criminal court proceeding, but  an  arrest  is  not  a  requirement  for

  commencing either proceeding.

    (h)  At such time as the complainant first appears before the court on

  a complaint or information, the court shall advise the complainant  that

  the  complainant may: continue with the proceeding in criminal court; or

  have  the  allegations  contained  therein  heard  in  a  family   court

  proceeding;  or  proceed concurrently in both criminal and family court.

  Notwithstanding a complainant's election to proceed in family court, the

  criminal court shall not be divested of jurisdiction to  hear  a  family

  offense proceeding pursuant to this section;

    (i)  Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit or restrict complainant's

  rights to proceed directly  and  without  court  referral  in  either  a

  criminal  or  family  court,  or  both,  as  provided for in section one

  hundred fifteen of the family court  act  and  section  100.07  of  this

  chapter;

    2-a.  Upon  the filing of an accusatory instrument charging a crime or

  violation described in subdivision one of this section  between  members

  of  the  same  family  or  household,  as such terms are defined in this

  section, or as soon as the complainant first appears before  the  court,

  whichever is sooner, the court shall advise the complainant of the right

  to  proceed  in both the criminal and family courts, pursuant to section

  100.07 of this chapter.

    3. Official responsibility. No official  or  other  person  designated

  pursuant  to subdivision two of this section shall discourage or prevent

  any person who wishes to file a petition or sign a complaint from having

  access to any court for that purpose.

    4. When a person is arrested for  an  alleged  family  offense  or  an

  alleged  violation  of  an  order  of  protection  or temporary order of

  protection or arrested pursuant to a warrant issued by  the  supreme  or

  family  court, and the supreme or family court, as applicable, is not in

  session, such person shall be brought before a local criminal  court  in

  the  county  of  arrest  or  in  the  county  in  which  such warrant is

  returnable pursuant to article one hundred twenty of this chapter.  Such

  local  criminal  court  may issue any order authorized under subdivision

  eleven  of  section  530.12  of  this  article,  section   one   hundred

  fifty-four-d  or  one  hundred  fifty-five  of  the  family court act or

  subdivision three-b of section two hundred forty or subdivision two-a of

  section two hundred fifty-two of the domestic relations law, in addition

  to discharging other arraignment responsibilities as set forth  in  this

  chapter.  In  making such order, the local criminal court shall consider

  the bail recommendation, if any, made by the supreme or family court  as

  indicated   on  the  warrant  or  certificate  of  warrant.  Unless  the

  petitioner or complainant requests otherwise, the court, in addition  to

  scheduling  further criminal proceedings, if any, regarding such alleged

  family  offense  or  violation  allegation,  shall  make   such   matter

  returnable  in  the  supreme or family court, as applicable, on the next

  day such court is in session.

    5. Filing and enforcement of  out-of-state  orders  of  protection.  A

  valid  order  of protection or temporary order of protection issued by a

  court of competent jurisdiction in another state, territorial or  tribal

  jurisdiction  shall be accorded full faith and credit and enforced as if

  it  were  issued  by  a  court within the state for as long as the order

  remains in  effect  in  the  issuing  jurisdiction  in  accordance  with

  sections  two  thousand  two  hundred  sixty-five  and  two thousand two

  hundred sixty-six of title eighteen of the United States Code.

    (a) An order issued by a court of competent  jurisdiction  in  another

  state, territorial or tribal jurisdiction shall be deemed valid if:

    (i)  the  issuing court had personal jurisdiction over the parties and

  over the subject matter under the law of the issuing jurisdiction;

    (ii) the person against whom  the  order  was  issued  had  reasonable

  notice  and  an  opportunity to be heard prior to issuance of the order;

  provided, however, that if the order was a temporary order of protection

  issued in the absence of such person, that notice  had  been  given  and

  that  an  opportunity  to be heard had been provided within a reasonable

  period of time after the issuance of the order; and

    (iii) in the case of orders  of  protection  or  temporary  orders  of

  protection  issued  against  both a petitioner, plaintiff or complainant

  and respondent or defendant, the order or portion thereof sought  to  be

  enforced  was  supported  by:  (A)  a  pleading  requesting  such order,

  including,  but  not  limited  to,   a   petition,   cross-petition   or

  counterclaim;  and  (B)  a judicial finding that the requesting party is

  entitled to the issuance of the order which may result from  a  judicial

  finding  of  fact,  judicial  acceptance  of  an  admission by the party

  against whom the order was issued or judicial  finding  that  the  party

  against  whom  the  order  was issued had given knowing, intelligent and

  voluntary consent to its issuance.

    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of article fifty-four of the  civil

  practice  law  and  rules,  an order of protection or temporary order of

  protection issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in another state,

  territorial or tribal jurisdiction, accompanied  by  a  sworn  affidavit

  that  upon information and belief such order is in effect as written and

  has not been vacated or modified, may be  filed  without  fee  with  the

  clerk  of the court, who shall transmit information regarding such order

  to  the  statewide  registry  of  orders  of  protection  and   warrants

  established   pursuant  to  section  two  hundred  twenty-one-a  of  the

  executive law; provided, however, that such filing  and  registry  entry

  shall not be required for enforcement of the order.

    6.  Notice.  Every  police officer, peace officer or district attorney

  investigating a family offense  under  this  article  shall  advise  the

  victim  of  the  availability  of  a  shelter  or  other services in the

  community, and shall immediately give the victim written notice  of  the

  legal  rights  and  remedies  available  to a victim of a family offense

  under the relevant provisions of the criminal procedure law, the  family

  court  act and the domestic relations law. Such notice shall be prepared

  in Spanish and English and if necessary, shall be delivered orally,  and

  shall include but not be limited to the following statement:

    "If  you are the victim of domestic violence, you may request that the

  officer assist in providing for your safety and that of  your  children,

  including  providing  information  on how to obtain a temporary order of

  protection. You  may  also  request  that  the  officer  assist  you  in

  obtaining  your  essential personal effects and locating and taking you,

  or assist in making arrangements to take you, and  your  children  to  a

  safe place within such officer's jurisdiction, including but not limited

  to  a  domestic  violence  program,  a  family  member's  or  a friend's

  residence, or a similar place of safety. When the officer's jurisdiction

  is more than a single county, you may ask the officer  to  take  you  or

  make  arrangements to take you and your children to a place of safety in

  the county where the incident occurred. If you or your children  are  in

  need  of  medical  treatment,  you  have  the  right to request that the

  officer assist you in obtaining such medical treatment. You may  request

  a  copy  of  any  incident  reports  at no cost from the law enforcement

  agency. You have the right to seek legal counsel of  your  own  choosing

  and  if  you  proceed  in  family court and if it is determined that you

  cannot afford an attorney,  one  must  be  appointed  to  represent  you

  without cost to you.

    You may ask the district attorney or a law enforcement officer to file

  a  criminal complaint. You also have the right to file a petition in the

  family court when a family offense has been committed against  you.  You

  have  the  right  to  have  your  petition  and  request for an order of

  protection filed on the same day you appear in court, and  such  request

  must  be heard that same day or the next day court is in session. Either

  court may issue an order  of  protection  from  conduct  constituting  a

  family offense which could include, among other provisions, an order for

  the respondent or defendant to stay away from you and your children. The

  family  court  may also order the payment of temporary child support and

  award temporary custody of your children. If the family court is not  in

  session,  you  may  seek immediate assistance from the criminal court in

  obtaining an order of protection.

    The forms you need to obtain an order of protection are available from

  the family court  and  the  local  criminal  court  (the  addresses  and

  telephone  numbers  shall  be  listed).  The resources available in this

  community for information relating to domestic  violence,  treatment  of

  injuries,  and  places of safety and shelters can be accessed by calling

  the following 800 numbers (the statewide English  and  Spanish  language

  800  numbers  shall  be  listed  and  space  shall be provided for local

  domestic violence hotline telephone numbers).

    Filing a criminal complaint or  a  family  court  petition  containing

  allegations that are knowingly false is a crime."

    The  division  of  criminal  justice services in consultation with the

  state office for the prevention of domestic violence shall  prepare  the

  form  of  such written notice consistent with provisions of this section

  and  distribute  copies  thereof  to  the  appropriate  law  enforcement

  officials   pursuant  to  subdivision  nine  of  section  eight  hundred

  forty-one of the executive law.

    Additionally, copies of such notice shall be  provided  to  the  chief

  administrator  of  the  courts  to  be  distributed to victims of family

  offenses through the criminal court at such time as such  persons  first

  come  before  the  court  and  to  the  state  department  of health for

  distribution to all hospitals defined under article twenty-eight of  the

  public  health  law. No cause of action for damages shall arise in favor

  of any person by reason of any failure to comply with the provisions  of

  this  subdivision  except  upon a showing of gross negligence or willful

  misconduct.

    7.  Rules  of  court  regarding  concurrent  jurisdiction.  The  chief

  administrator  of  the  courts, pursuant to paragraph (e) of subdivision

  two of section two hundred twelve of the judiciary law, shall promulgate

  rules to facilitate record sharing and other communication  between  the

  criminal  and  family  courts,  subject to applicable provisions of this

  chapter and the family court  act  pertaining  to  the  confidentiality,

  expungement and sealing of records, when such courts exercise concurrent

  jurisdiction over family offense proceedings.

 

 


Based in Freeport, NY Michael A. Arbeit, P.C. serves clients throughout Nassau County, Suffolk County, Queens County, New York County, Kings County, and Bronx County New York.



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