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Nassau County Unlawful Surveillance Lawyer

250.40 Unlawful surveillance; definitions.
  The  following  definitions  shall  apply  to sections 250.45, 250.50,
250.55 and 250.60 of this article:
  1. "Place and time when a  person  has  a  reasonable  expectation  of
privacy"  means  a place and time when a reasonable person would believe
that he or she could fully disrobe in privacy.
  2. "Imaging  device"  means  any  mechanical,  digital  or  electronic
viewing  device,  camera, cellular phone or any other instrument capable
of recording, storing or transmitting visual images that can be utilized
to observe a person.
  3.  "Sexual  or  other  intimate parts" means the human male or female
genitals, pubic area or buttocks, or the female breast below the top  of
the  nipple, and shall include such part or parts which are covered only
by an undergarment.
  4. "Broadcast" means electronically transmitting a visual  image  with
the intent that it be viewed by a person.
  5.  "Disseminate"  means to give, provide, lend, deliver, mail, send,
forward, transfer or transmit, electronically or  otherwise  to  another
person.
  6.  "Publish" means to (a) disseminate, as defined in subdivision five
of  this  section,  with  the  intent  that  such  image  or  images  be
disseminated to ten or more persons; or (b) disseminate with the  intent
that  such  images  be  sold  by  another  person; or (c) post, present,
display, exhibit, circulate, advertise or allows access,  electronically
or  otherwise, so as to make an image or images available to the public;
or (d) disseminate with the intent that an image or  images  be  posted,
presented,   displayed,   exhibited,   circulated,  advertised  or  made
accessible, electronically or otherwise and to make such image or images
available to the public.
  7. "Sell" means to disseminate to another person, as defined in
subdivision  five  of  this  section,  or  to  publish,  as  defined  in
subdivision six of this section, in exchange for something of value.

S 250.45 Unlawful surveillance in the second degree.
  A person is guilty of unlawful surveillance in the second degree when:
  1.  For  his or her own, or another person's amusement, entertainment,
or profit, or for the purpose of degrading or abusing a  person,  he  or
she  intentionally  uses  or  installs,  or  permits  the utilization or
installation of an imaging device to surreptitiously view, broadcast  or
record  a  person dressing or undressing or the sexual or other intimate
parts of such person at  a  place  and  time  when  such  person  has  a
reasonable  expectation  of  privacy, without such person's knowledge or
consent; or
  2. For his or her own, or another person's sexual  arousal  or  sexual
gratification,  he or she intentionally uses or installs, or permits the
utilization or installation of  an  imaging  device  to  surreptitiously
view,  broadcast or record a person dressing or undressing or the sexual
or other intimate parts of such person at a place  and  time  when  such
person  has  a  reasonable expectation of privacy, without such person's
knowledge or consent; or
  3. (a) For no legitimate purpose, he  or  she  intentionally  uses  or
installs,  or  permits  the  utilization  or  installation of an imaging
device to surreptitiously view,  broadcast  or  record  a  person  in  a
bedroom,  changing  room,  fitting  room,  restroom,  toilet,  bathroom,
washroom, shower or any room assigned to guests or patrons in  a  motel,
hotel or inn, without such person's knowledge or consent.
  (b)  For  the  purposes  of  this  subdivision,  when a person uses or
installs, or permits the  utilization  or  installation  of  an  imaging
device  in  a  bedroom,  changing  room, fitting room, restroom, toilet,
bathroom, washroom, shower or any room assigned to guests or patrons  in
a  hotel,  motel  or  inn,  there  is a rebuttable presumption that such
person did so for no legitimate purpose; or
  4.  Without  the  knowledge  or  consent  of  a  person,  he  or   she
intentionally   uses   or   installs,  or  permits  the  utilization  or
installation of an imaging device to surreptitiously view, broadcast  or
record,  under  the  clothing  being  worn by such person, the sexual or
other intimate parts of such person.
  Unlawful surveillance in the second degree is a class E felony.

S 250.50 Unlawful surveillance in the first degree.
  A  person  is guilty of unlawful surveillance in the first degree when
he or she commits the crime  of  unlawful  surveillance  in  the  second
degree  and  has  been previously convicted within the past ten years of
unlawful surveillance in the first or second degree.
  Unlawful surveillance in the first degree is a class D felony.

S 250.60 Dissemination of an unlawful surveillance image in the first degree.
  A person is guilty of dissemination of an unlawful surveillance  image
in the first degree when:
  1. He or she, with knowledge of the unlawful conduct by which an image
or  images  of  the  sexual or other intimate parts of another person or
persons were obtained  and  such  unlawful  conduct  would  satisfy  the
essential elements of the crime of unlawful surveillance in the first or
second degree, sells or publishes such image or images; or
  2.  Having created a surveillance image in violation of section 250.45
or 250.50 of this article, or in violation  of  the  law  in  any  other
jurisdiction which includes all of the essential elements of either such
crime,  or  having acted as an accomplice to such crime, or acting as an
agent to the person who committed such crime, he  or  she  intentionally
disseminates such unlawfully created image; or
  3.  He  or  she  commits  the  crime  of  dissemination of an unlawful
surveillance  image  in  the  second  degree  and  has  been  previously
convicted  within  the  past  ten  years of dissemination of an unlawful
surveillance image in the first or second degree.
  Dissemination of an unlawful surveillance image in the first degree is
a class E felony.

Based in Freeport, NY Michael A. Arbeit, P.C. serves clients throughout Nassau County, Suffolk County, Queens County, New York County, Kings County, and Bronx County New York.



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